The following locations discharged during the September 19, 2016 rain event.
CSO Location Discharge
002 2 Sawmill Road NONE
003 Fairway NONE
004 Lock St 9/19/2016
005 East Hollis Street 9/19/2016
006 Jackson St 9/19/2016
007 Tampa St 9/19/2016
008 Broad Street NONE
009 Lock Street 9/19/2016
014 Bancroft Street 9/19/2016
The discharge is a combined wastewater which consists mainly of stormwater runoff with some portion being sanitary wastewater.
Portions of the City, particularly the older downtown area and neighborhoods, are served by a wastewater collection system that has one pipe that carries both the wastewater and stormwater runoff together and is identified as a combined sewer. About 1960, when newer areas of the City were developed, a two pipe system with one pipe carrying wastewater and one pipe for stormwater runoff, hence the name of a separated sewer system. All wastewater is transported to the Nashua Wastewater Treatment Facility (NWTF) for treatment on a dry day. However, during large rain events, there exist nine locations, four on the Nashua River and five on the Merrimack River, where combined wastewater can overflow to the rivers, providing relief to an overwhelmed collection system, which otherwise would back into residential and commercial buildings. These nice locations are identified as Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs). See above table. These discharges are permitted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (NHDES).
Since 1998, the City has had a program to mitigate the volume and frequency of CSOs entering into the rivers. The CSO program was designed based on the philosophy that urban runoff contains pollutants that are harmful to the waterways. The City moved from a complete separation program to a hold and treat philosophy. Up to a two year storm event, particularly the most polluted first flush, will be collected/stored and conveyed to combined sewage treatment facilities. The CSO Program has greatly the volume of combined sewage entering the rivers.
All buildings that are connected to a combined sewer should have a backflow preventer on their building sewer that connects to the sewer main to prevent combined wastewater from entering their homes.