Epidemiology is the branch of public health that focuses on investigating patterns of disease and measuring the health of a community. The word epidemiology is derived from the word “epidemic”, Greek for “upon the people”. At the start of epidemiology, most studies were focused on infectious and communicable diseases; however, modern epidemiology also includes chronic diseases, environmental exposures, and behavioral risk factors. A key function of epidemiology is to collect data through surveillance and reporting systems to look for trends and patterns of disease in the community. Examples include reporting communicable diseases, such as Salmonella, cancer registries and hospital discharges.
In the City of Nashua, the Epidemiologist’s main functions are disease surveillance, data collection, assisting in outbreak investigations and assessing the health status of the community. The Epidemiologist works with medical partners (hospitals, provider offices, long-term care facilities, and assisted living facilities), the school districts, and child care programs to track/monitor illness in the population. The Epidemiologist is fully funded through the Public Health Network Services grant.
Where Can I Go to Find Statistics & Data On Health?
For health data on the Greater Nashua Public Health Region and the City of Nashua, please reference the 2011 and 2014 Community Health Assessments